What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?

ASD is a complex condition that impacts normal individual brain development beginning at birth or shortly after.Those children diagnosed with ASD are:

  • Deficit in social-emotional reciprocity
  • Deficit in nonverbal communicative behaviours
  • Deficit in developing, maintaining and understanding relationships, ¬†from difficulties adjusting behavior to suit various social contexts

*Source from : the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)

Children with ASD face challenges in the following three areas:

  • Social interaction
  • Language development
  • Behavioral challenges

Sensorimotor Processing

Sensory and motor abnormalities are commonly found in children with autism. These cause difficulties in interpreting sound, vision, touch, taste and smell, as well as kinesthetic and proprioceptive sensations.

They usually engage in repetitive self-stimulatory actions such as flapping their hands and fingers or rocking, spinning and twirling objects.